For over 450 years, the coastal enclaves of Daman and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman and Diu were incorporated in the Republic of India December 19, 1961 by military conquest. Portugal does not recognize the annexation of these territories until 1974 Indian.
The territory of “Goa, Daman and Diu” were administered as a single union territory until 1987, when it was granted Goa state, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate territory of the union. Each enclave is one of two districts in the Union territory. Daman and Diu are about 650 kilometers apart by road.
Gujarati, Marathi, English and Hindi are the official languages for use in the territory. English is increasingly accepted for official purposes. In addition, the Warli dialects of Konkani and Agri-Food Canada are also used.
The use of Portuguese is declining and relegated to home use or as a liturgical language as it is no longer taught in schools, is no longer used by the media and not approved by the government. Portuguese existing standards in a post-creole continuum with Daman and Diu Portuguese is spoken by about 10-12,000 people in Daman.
According to the Constitution of India, the Administration of Daman and Diu is performed by a director appointed by the President of India. A director is an officer of the President, not a head of state or a governor. Previously this post was held by Shri BS Bhalla, IAS officer (1990 batch). He was assisted by a number of other agents in the performance of his duty. Currently, this position is occupied by Ashish Kundra.
Diu District, an area of 40 km². The main settlement is the town of Diu.
Daman district, an area of 28 square miles or 72 km². The main settlement is the city of Daman.
Daman is the twin city of Coimbra, Portugal. And Diu is twinned with the town of Loures, also in Portugal.
Gross State Domestic Product Daman and Diu for 2005 is estimated at $ 156 million in current prices.
In Daman most popular schools are: Fatima Institute of Our Lady of Moti Daman located in; Coast Guard Public School Nani Daman; Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani Daman; High School Shri Mahajan Macchi in Nani Daman; and other government institutions. It is also College Daman that most educational institutions.
In the 2011 census, the lowest male female ratio in India (618 females per thousand) was recorded in Daman and Diu. Daman district, with a ratio of 533 women, is among the lowest of all districts of India