Mizoram is one of the states of northeast India with Aizawl as its capital. The name is derived from Mi (people), Zo (hill) and Ram (earth), Mizoram and therefore implies “the land of hill people.” In the north, it is the shared state borders Southern most landlocked with three of the seven sisters States, namely Tripura, Assam, Manipur. The state also shares a 722 km border with the neighboring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar. As like many northern states of India, this Mizoram was previously part of Assam until 1972, when it was carved out as a territory of the Union. He became the 23rd state in India, a step up in the Union, 20 February 1987. The population of Mizoram is 1,091,014 according to the census of 2011. It is the second least populated state in the country.
Mizoram covering about 21,087 square kilometers. Approximately 91% of the state is forested. The origin of the Mizo, like those of many other tribes in northern India, is shrouded in mystery. People living in the Mizo Hills were generally referred to as the cucis or Kukis by their neighboring ethnic groups was also a term adopted by British writers. The statement that “The Kuki are the first known inhabitants of the region of Mizo hills,” must be read in that light. The majority of tribes classified as “Mizo” today probably migrated to their present territories of neighboring countries in several waves, starting about 1500 AD.
Before the British Raj, the various Mizo clans lived in autonomous villages. Tribal leaders enjoyed a prominent place in society Mizo gerontocracy. The various clans and sub-clans practiced slash and burn agriculture, known locally as the jhum cultivation -. A form of subsistence agriculture .The leaders were absolute territorial leaders of their respective clans (RAM), although they remained under the nominal political jurisdictions of the Rajas of Manipur, Tripura and Burma. There are many instances of tribal raids and headhunting conducted by village leaders. Head hunting was a practice that involved ambush, taking slaves and fighters cut heads of the enemy tribe, back, and displayed at the entrance of tribal village